We have previously reported the effect of music on unborn children, babies, students, adults and even those who are shopping on stores to buy new clothes. This new study revealed that the effect of music on the human brain improves attention, memory and even executive function.
Evidence on how training in music can boost mental capacity for solving problems and abstract thinking has been overwhelming in the past years. Now another new research came out, providing more support to the study. Pinar Gupse Oguz and Katherine Sledge Moore of Arcadia University in Glenside, Pennsylvania, and Jim Meyer of Elmhurst College in Chicago are the phycology experts who conducted this new study. In their research, they revealed that music positively enhances attention, memory and executive function (the skill to plan, to organize and achieve goals).
To accomplish their research, they grouped 72 college undergraduates into three categories. The first one is the musical experts, those who started formal training in music during their young age from 10 years old and below. They also continued their practice for at least ten years. The second one is the musical amateurs, those who have undergone musical training for at least one year and lastly the non-musicians.
Those have gotten an overall high score are those who have extensive musical experience, while those who are less-trained musician and non-musicians got a lower score.
The executive function test had the most arguably exciting results. The tests which involve sorting pictures rapidly by color and shapes shows that moderately trained musicians had a significantly better performance than those who had no musical training experience. Of course, the highly trained musicians have the highest points.
However, the researchers concede to the fact that they are at risk of confusing causation and correlation. For instance, individuals who have superior fluid cognition skills could excel just like highly skilled musicians and remain in practice.
Researchers also pointed out that musical training highlights the development of the ability to solve problems and think abstractly. It involves multitasking, quick comprehension of a complex system of symbols, reasoning skills and more.